ICSID adopts new rules and regulations
On March 21, 2022, Member States of the International Center for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) approved amendments to ICSID’s rules for resolving disputes between foreign investors and host States. The amended rules come into effect on July 1, 2022.
The goal of the amendment was to draw on the lessons learnt from the over 700 ICSID proceedings conducted to date and to modernize, simplify and streamline the proceedings. Some important amendments to the ICSID Arbitration Rules address concerns relating to efficiency, costs of proceedings, greater transparency and security for costs.
The amended arbitration rules provide for greater transparency in the conduct and outcome of the proceedings through new provisions on the publication of documents and the presence of observers at the hearing. As per the amended rules, absent a clear objection within 60 days, parties will be deemed to have consented to the publication of the award. Likewise, tribunals may permit third parties, including the non-disputing treaty party, to make submissions in the proceedings. An additional feature addressing transparency includes disclosure obligations concerning third party funders that apply throughout the proceedings. Parties must now disclose the names and addresses of entities and persons from whom they are receiving funding, and if the funder is a judicial person, then the parties must also disclose who controls the funder.
The amendment also aims at reducing the environmental footprint of ICSID proceedings through the greater use of technology and less paper-intensive procedures. Under the new rules, all filings will be electronic, unless there are special reasons to maintain paper filings.
In order to streamline proceedings and make them more efficient, the amendment has introduced specific timelines for different phases of the proceedings, the most noteworthy being that awards will henceforth have to be rendered no later than 240 days after the last submission. Special procedures have also been introduced for applications to dismiss claims for a manifest lack of legal merit, bifurcation, preliminary objections and provisional measures. New provisions on expedited procedures provide that the parties to an arbitration can, at any time, consent to an expedited arbitration procedure, unless they have opted out. In the case of expedited proceedings, the award must be rendered 120 days after the hearing. The amendment also introduces a requirement that tribunals convene case management conferences at the outset to narrow the issues in dispute.
The amended rules also purport to change the current ICSID practice of requiring each party to bear their own costs by specifically stating the factors that the tribunal must take into consideration when making cost decisions. These include (a) the outcome of the proceeding or any part of it; (b) the conduct of the parties during the proceeding; (c) the complexity of the issues; and (d) the reasonableness of the costs claimed. A new provision on security for costs lays down the procedure and the factors that tribunals must consider when deciding on whether to award security for costs.
Furthermore, access to ICSID arbitration and conciliation has been broadened by granting access to the ICSID Additional Facility Rules in cases where both the claimant and the respondent state are not ICSID Contracting States or nationals of a Contracting State. Under the amended Additional Facility Rules, Regional Economic Integration Organizations, such as the European Union, may also be party to the proceedings.
New rules on mediation and fact-finding have also been added, which may be used as stand-alone procedures or in combination with arbitration proceedings.
This Homburger Bulletin expresses general views of the authors at the date of the Bulletin, without considering the facts and circumstances of any particular person or transaction. It does not constitute legal advice. This Bulletin may not be relied upon by any person for any purpose, and any liability for the accuracy, correctness or fairness of the contents of this Homburger Bulletin is explicitly excluded.